Aluminium is everywhere, and the applications for this element are many. You may not always be conscious about aluminum presence, but you would definitely miss it.

Mechanical properties

  • Atomic number: 13
  • Symbol: AI
  • Atomic weight: 26.981539
  • Melting point: 660.37°C,
  • Boiling point: 2,467°C,
  • Specific gravity of 2.6989 (20°C),
  • Valence: 3.
  • Nonmagnetic and non-sparking
  • Easily formed, machined, or cast
  • First made: In 1825 by the Danish scientist Hans Oersted

Here are some of aluminium’s finest attributes:

Huge Resources

  • Most abundant element in the earth’s crust, after oxygen and silicon
  • Today, bauxite is the only commercial ore used for production of aluminium. In the future, we might have more sources for aluminium
  • With today’s aluminium production, the bauxite reserves will last more than 100 years

Strong & Light

  • 2.7 (g/cm3) = 1/3 the weight of steel
  • Low weight means reduced energy consumption in transportation
  • Low weight is an advantage during assembly in buildings and in many other applications.

Perfect for food packaging

  • Aluminium foil is completely impermeable – no taste, aroma or light gets in or out
  • Widely used in food and drink packaging
  • Efficient conservation of food reduces wastage
  • Low weight reduces packaging in transportation
  • Impermeability also reduces cooling needs


  • Aluminium in buildings, construction and transport is fire-proof
  • Will only burn if shaped as very thin film
  • Will melt at 660° C without releasing any gases

Easy to form

  • Aluminium is ductile and has a low melting point
  • Easy to process in cold and hot condition
  • This allows design flexibility and integration in advanced transport and building industries

Superconductor for heat and electricity

  • Twice as good a conductor as copper
  • This makes aluminium the best choice for energy-efficient systems for electrical transmission, such as transfer components

Great reflector

  • Can reflect both heat and light
  • Combined with its light weight, this makes aluminium ideal for reflectors like light fittings
  • High energy efficiency in the reflectors reduces energy consumption

  Long life – low maintenance

  • Aluminium forms a protective oxide coating that makes it highly corrosion resistant
  • This prolongs the life of aluminium in cars and buildings
  • Reduces need for maintenance
  • Reduces environmental impacts due to replacements and maintenance

Easy to Recycle

  • Re-melting of aluminium requires little energy; total loss in the re-melting process is less than three percent
  • Only five percent of the energy required to produce the primary metal initially is needed in the recycling process
  • About 75 percent of all aluminium ever produced is still in use

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